to XVI dynasty

XVIIth Dynasty 1650 - 1570
( Thebes )

to XVIII dynasty

       The dynasty was a continuation of the Theban Dynasty XIII and likewise was paying tribute to the Hyksos that held rule in Delta and central Egypt. The earlier rulers of the Dynasty made no apparent attempt to challange the authority of the Hyksos, and an uneasy truce existed  between the two lineages for some time. Some of the kings of the XVIIth Dynasty were known as Intef, and their large and heavy coffins with vulture-wing feathered decoration have been found at Thebes in the area of the Dra Abu el-Naga. Last rulers of this Dynasty, Seqenenre Tao II and his two sons  - Kamose and Ahmose, overthrew the Hyksos invader and restored Egyptian independence.


1650 - 1646
1625-1622 (Franke)

Antef V

  • Hr nfr-xprw , xpr-xprw
  • hrw-Hr-nst.f
  • ...-nTrw
  • nbw-xpr-ra
  • ini-it.f , nxt , ,nbw-xpr-ra sA-ra ini-it.f

 Nebwkheperre (Golden is the Manifestation of Re)

      Tomb of Antef mentioned in the Abbot papyrus was discovered in 1860 by A. Mariette in Western Thebes at the Dra Abu el-Naga necropolis. Presumably to Antef belonged the sarcophagus which recently is in London and king’s mummy fell into pieces at the moment of its discovery. Antef’s wife was queen Sebekemsaf, daughter of prince of Edfu. Traces of the king’s building activities are found at Koptos, Abydos and Karnak. So called decree of Koptos, issued by Antef in the year 3 of his rule announced dismissal of the mayor Teti who was supposed to favor the foes.


1646 - 1642
1622-1619 (Franke)


  • Hr wAH-anx
  • wsr-rnpwt
  • wAD-...
  • sxm-ra wAH-xaw
  • ra-Htp(w) (sA-ra)

 Sekhemre Wahkhau


1642 - 1626
1619-1603 (Franke)

Sebekemsaf II
  • Hr Htp-nTrw
  • aS(A)-xprw
  • inq-tAwi
  • sxm-ra wAD-xaw
  • sbk-m-sA.f

 Sekhemre Shedtawy (Powerful is Re, Rescuer of the Two Lands) 

 Sebekemsaf (Sobek is His Protection)


c.1602 (Franke)


  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra smn-tAwi
  • DHwti

 Sekhemre Smentawi


      Existence of this ruler is disclosed in few monuments: stone blocks discovered at the courtyard of the temple of Horus at Edfu, case for canopic jars of Dra Abu el-Naga, presently stored in Berlin, and stone block of a temple at Deir el-Ballas. He is also mentioned in the Table of Karnak.


c.1601 (Franke)

Mentuhotep VII

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sanx.n-ra , sanx.[n]-ra (Tur.11.4)
  • mnTw-Htpw



       Short reign of this ruler and a minor role of regent in part of Tebaida are confirmed by a few artifacts: two sphinxes of Edfu, stele of Karnak and some scarabs. His wife was presumably Satmut and his son was Merunefer.


1624 - 1604
1601-1582  (Franke)

Nibiraw I  ( Nibirierawet I )

  • Hr swAD-tAwy
  • nTri-xprw
  • nfr-xaw
  • swAD.n-ra
  • nb-iri-r-Aw(t) , ra-nb-iri-Awt (Tur.11.5)





       The ruler to whom Turin Canon assigns 19 years of rule. To times of Nibiraw is dated famous stela discovered at Karnak in 1927 and containing treaty of giving an office of mayor of El-Kab by Sebeknakht and his descendants. Other known artifacts include scarabs with the king’s name and dagger found in a tomb by Dispolis Parva.


c.1582 (Franke)

Nibiraw II  ( Nibirierawet II )

  • Hr Dd-xprw
  • Dd-mswt
  • bA(?)-nfr(?)
  • nfr-kA-ra
  • nb-iri-Aw , ra-nb-iri-Awt (Tur.11.6)


       Turin Canon gives to this ruler a short period of rule, no longer than 5 month. It has been suggested that double mentioning of a name in Turin Canon is accidental and thus there would have been only one king Nibiraw. In A.Leahy opinion a sarcophagus of Osiris, ascribed to king Nibiraw II and discovered in tomb of Djer at Abydos and seal of Uronarti Island in Nubia, belonged to king Khendjer of dynasty XIII.




  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • smn.n-ra (Tur.11.7)
  • ... ...



1600 - 1592
1580-1572 (Franke)


  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • swsr.n-ra (Tur.11.8) , wsr.n-ra

  • ... ...


      The ruler identified with Beb-Anch, traditionally ascribed to the dynasty XVII. A part of stela found in 1984 near galena mine at Gebel Zait at the Red Sea gives evidence of both these names. Suserenre left after him traces of building activities at Medamud – extension of a temple.


1592 - 1585

Sebekemsaf III

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra Sd-tAwi , sxm-ra Sd-wAst (Tur.11.9
  • sbk-m-sA.f

 Sekhemre Shedtawi



c.1565 (Franke)


Antef VI ( the Elder )

  • Hr wp-mAat
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra wp-mAa[t]
  • ini-it.faA ,

 Sekhemre Wepmaat


      Among tomb equippment AT the necropolis Dra Abu El-Naga in Western Thebes survived only : pyramidion, golden sarcophagus and canopic jars container. Antef VI was brother of Antef VII, as the inscription on the sarcophagus shows. Presumably he was son of his predecessor Sebekemsaf III.


c.1560 (Franke)


Antef VII

  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sxm-ra hrw-Hr-mAat
  • ini-it.f

 Sekhemre Herwhormaat


      Brother of preceding him Antef VI, whose burial he prepared. He died early after short rule and was buried in provisional sarcophagus. In von Beckerath opinion Antef VII might have been murdered.


1578 - 1576
c.1560 (Franke)
1559-1558 (Murnane)

Tablica genealogiczna

Sanakhtenre Tao I

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • ... ...

  • snxt.n-ra , sxnt.n-ra

  • tA-aAaA


 Sanakhtenre (Perpetuated Like Re)



1576 - 1573
till 1545 (Franke)
1558-1554 (Murnane)

Tablica genealogicznaMumia

Seqenenre Tao II ( The Brave )

  • Hr xai-m-wAst
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sqni.n-ra
  • tA-aA , tA-aAqnw


 Seqenenre (Who Strikes Like Re))

 Tao (Takenw)

      Son of Sanakhtenre Tao I by queen Tetisheri. Brought to death in a struggle with Hyksossos as appears from miserable condition of his mummy found in a DB320 cache at Deir el-Bahari. 

Head of Sekenenre’s mummy, smashed by weapon.


1573 - 1570
1545-1539/30 (Franke)
1554-1549 (Murnane)

Tablica genealogiczna


  • Hr xai-Hr-nst.f , nfr-XAb-tAwi , sDfA-tAwi

  • wHm-mnw

  • shrw-tAwi

  • wAD-xpr-ra (nxt)

  • kA-msi(w) nxt , kA-msi(w)

 Wadjkheperre (Flourishing is the Manifestation of Re)


       Son of Seqenenre Tao I by queen Ahhotep I, brother of Ahmose. Excellent warrior with strategic skills. He continued violent battle with Hyksos for restoration of sovereignty of the whole land. He made war campaigns in Nubia reaching as far as Toshka so that he could focus on relieve successive parts of the Delta. His heroic deeds are recorded in two famous stelae. Burial place of the ruler was probably tomb at Dra Abu el-Naga, discovered in 1857 by A. Mariette and containing unpretentious sarcophagus and damaged mummy. The ruler must have died suddenly and at young age.

to XVI dynasty

to XVIII dynasty

Copyright © 2000-2003 Dariusz Sitek, Czestochowa - Chicago - Ann Arbor